Key Considerations for Traditional Residential Universities Intending to Offer Bachelor of Laws (LLB) through the Distance Mode of Tuition: A Case Study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/1727-3781/2021/v24i0a8953

Keywords:

Distance learning, distance tuition, higher education, LLB, quality, Teaching and learning

Abstract

This case study aims to provide key considerations that traditional residential universities should consider when deciding to offer a distance tuition programme alongside an existing contact tuition programme. The University of the Free State is the only residential university to offer the Bachelor of Laws through both contact and distance modes of tuition. Therefore, an evaluation of this programme serves as an ideal case study to extract specific and essential considerations that other institutions, faculties or departments may use when deciding to offer a distance tuition programme in addition to its contact programme.

The case study suggests that it is not feasible to merely duplicate an existing contact tuition programme and present it as a distance programme. A distinct pedagogical approach must be followed. It entails training, redesign of material, and rethinking assessment policies.

Faculties should weigh the potential benefits of presenting a distance LLB against the labour-intensive nature of distance tuition and its probable limited success in realising broader access and student success. The funding model for distance tuition remains problematic and is financially unfeasible and unsustainable for many higher education institutions. Rethinking the funding model will be one step closer to achieving the objectives set out in the distance tuition policy framework.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Manie Moolman, University of the Free State

Senior lecturer in the Department Mercantile Law, University of the Free State, South Africa

References

Bibliography

Literature

Beck-Dudley CL "Lessons from Beyond the Traditional Classroom: Electronic Distance Education in Business Law and Ethics" 1994 JLSE 121-144

Bennett SC "Distance Learning in Law" 2014 Seton Hall Legis J 1-15

Council on Higher Education Distance Higher Education Programmes in a Digital Era: Good Practice Guide (CHE Pretoria 2014)

Council on Higher Education Enhancing the Contribution of Distance Higher Education in South Africa (CHE Pretoria 2004)

Council on Higher Education The State of the Provision of the Bachelor of Laws (LLB) Qualification in South Africa (Pretoria CHE 2018)

Council on Higher Education Towards a New Higher Education Landscape (CHE Pretoria 2000)

Council on Higher Education VitalStats, Public Higher Education, 2018 Guide (CHE Pretoria 2020)

Currie I and De Waal J The Bill of Rights Handbook 6th ed (Juta Cape Town 2013)

Department of Higher Education and Training White Paper for Post-School Education and Training: Building an Expanded, Effective and Integrated Post-School Education System (DHET Pretoria 2013)

Department of Higher Education and Training Statistics on Post-School Education and Training in South Africa: 2017 (DHET Pretoria 2019)

Harrison H et al "Case Study Research: Foundations and Methodological Orientations" 2017 Forum: Qualitative Social Research Art 19

Johnson AL "Distance Learning and Technology in Legal Education: A 21st Century Experiment" 1997 Alb LJ Sci & Tech 213-268

Lewin T and Mawoyo M Student Access and Success: Issues and Interventions in South African Universities (Inyathelo: The South African Institute for Advancement Cape Town 2014)

National Commission on Higher Education A Framework for Transformation: Higher Education: System, Governance, Funding (Department of Education Pretoria 1996)

Nelson SD "Distance Learning and Criminal Justice Education: Exploring the Possibilities" 1998 JCJE 333-342

Thomas G How to Do Your Case Study 3rd ed (Sage Los Angeles 2021)

University of the Free State Annual Report to the Department of Higher Education and Training 2018 (UFS Bloemfontein 2018)

University of South Africa Annual Report (Unisa Pretoria 2017)

Working Group on Distance Learning in Legal Education Distance Learning in Legal Education: Design, Delivery and Recommended Practices (WGDLLE Phoenix 2015)

Legislation

Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996

Government publications

GN 1196 in GG 18207 of 15 August 1997 (Education White Paper 3: A Programme for the Transformation of Higher Education)

GN 230 in GG 22138 of 9 March 2001 (National Plan for Higher Education)

GN 1691 in GG 25737 of 14 November 2003 (Merger of Public Higher Education Institutions)

GN 1715 in GG 25744 of 19 November 2003 (Incorporation of a Subdivision of a Public Higher Education Institution with Another Public Higher Education Institution)

GN 1791 in GG 25824 of 9 December 2003 (Funding of Public Higher Education)

GN 535 in GG 37811 of 7 July 2014 (Policy for the Provision of Distance Education in South African Universities in the Context of an Integrated Post-School System)

Internet sources

Department of Higher Education and Training 2018 Ministerial Statement on University Funding: 2019/20 and 2020/21 http://www.dhet.gov.za/

SiteAssets/18%2012%2007%20Ministerial%20Statement.pdf accessed 3 March 2020

Law Society of South Africa 2018 LSSA LEAD Statistics on the Professions http://www.lssa.org.za/about-us/about-the-attorneys-profession/lssa-lead-annual-statistics accessed 1 March 2021

North West University 2020 Unit for Open Distance Learning http://distance.nwu.ac.za/content/unit-open-distance-learning-support accessed 20 May 2019

University of South Africa 2018 Fact and Figures: Student Enrolments https://www.unisa.ac.za/sites/corporate/default/About/Facts-&-figures/Student-enrolments accessed 16 May 2019

University of South Africa 2019 The Leading ODL University https://www.unisa.ac.za/sites/corporate/default/About/The-leading-ODL-university accessed 16 May 2019

University of Johannesburg 2018 UJ Introduces 100% Online Degrees https://www.itweb.co.za/content/O2rQGMApKRD7d1ea accessed 20 May 2019

University of Pretoria 2020 Distance Education https://www.up.ac.za/distance-education accessed 24 February 2020

University of the Witwatersrand 2020 Online Courses https://online.wits.ac.za/online-programmes-with-wits/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=search&utm_campaign&utm_term=wits+pdba&utm_content=414738529130&matchtype=b&network=g&device=c&devicemodel&creative=414738529130&placement&target&adposition&feeditemid&gclid=CjwKCAiAhc7yBRAdEiwAplGxXyQBaBDnoS-R3Noz5UTTUFdKb6mFfo0UpX5anwHBiYp3ZHiF3O5mfBoCOkYQAvD_BwE accessed 24 February 2020

Published

2021-10-21

How to Cite

Moolman, H., & Du Plessis, A. (2021). Key Considerations for Traditional Residential Universities Intending to Offer Bachelor of Laws (LLB) through the Distance Mode of Tuition: A Case Study. Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, 24, 1–36. https://doi.org/10.17159/1727-3781/2021/v24i0a8953

Issue

Section

Articles