What about the Child? Preventing the Publication of Children's Names After the Age of 18

Authors

  • Sophy Baird University of Pretoria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/1727-3781/2021/v24i0a9571

Keywords:

Children's rights, child justice, best interests of the child, protection of identity, freedom of expressio, open justice

Abstract

Children are afforded a number ofdifferent protections when they encounter the criminal justice system. The need for special protection stems from the vulnerable position theyoccupy in society. When children form part of the criminal justice system by being an offender, a victimor a witnessthey may be subjected to harm. To mitigate against the potential harm that may be caused, our law provides that criminal proceedings involving children should not be open to the public, subject to the discretion of the court. This protection naturally seems at odds with the principle of open justice. However, the courts have reconciled the limitation with the legal purpose it serves. For all the protection the law offers and the lengths that it goes to in order to protect the identity of children in this regard,itappears there is an unofficial timer dictating when this protection should end. The media have been at the forefront of this conundrum to the extent that they believe that once a child (an offender, victim, or witness) turns 18 they are free to reveal the child's identity. This belief, grounded in the right to freedom of expression and the principle of open justice, is at odds with the principle of a child's best interests, the right to dignity and the right to privacy. It also stares incredulously in the face of the aims of the Child Justice Actand the principles of restorative justice. In the context ofthe detrimental psychological effects experienced by child victims, witnesses, and offenders, this article aims to critically analyse the legal and practical implications of revealing the identity of child victims, witnesses, and offenders after they have turned18.

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References

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Published

2021-09-15 — Updated on 2021-09-22

Versions

How to Cite

Baird, S. (2021). What about the Child? Preventing the Publication of Children’s Names After the Age of 18. Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, 24, 1–31. https://doi.org/10.17159/1727-3781/2021/v24i0a9571 (Original work published September 15, 2021)

Issue

Section

Articles